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Геодинамика и тектонофизика

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ГЕНЕРАЛЬНАЯ Pb‐ИЗОТОПНАЯ СИСТЕМАТИКА ИСТОЧНИКОВ ВУЛКАНИЧЕСКИХ ПОРОД НОВЕЙШЕГО ГЕОДИНАМИЧЕСКОГО ЭТАПА АЗИИ

https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2019-10-2-0424

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Аннотация

Современная теория эволюционирующей Земли основана на комплексных изотопных данных о доступной для опробования части планеты и космических телах, в которых ключевую роль играют построения в U‐Pb изотопной системе. Теория тестируется разработанной изотопной систематикой источников океанических базальтов. Происхождение вулканических пород континентов часто трактуется в терминах изотопной систематики океанических базальтов. Однако такие интерпретации, как правило, содержат противоречия, вытекающие из различий истории становления и ныне существующих различий в динамике мантии океанов и континентов. Под океанами мантийный материал давно утратил связь с поверхностными структурами Земли; под континентами такая связь нередко устанавливается. Характер эволюции глубинных процессов под континентами остается неопределенным и, по аналогии с океанами, требует расшифровки в терминах компонентов мантийных источников вулканических пород. В современных литосферных плитах Земли различаются области шириной от сотен до тысяч километров, характеризующиеся высокой скоростью деформаций и, следовательно, по меньшей мере, на один – два порядка пониженной вязкостью относительно внутренних стабильных частей плит, что придает им особый структурный статус «рассеянных плитных границ». Изотопно‐геохимические исследования вулканических пород регионов нестабильной Азии выявили различный характер компонентов источников, для которых были предложены частные интерпретации. В настоящей работе определяется генеральная систематика источников вулканических пород новейшего геодинамического этапа Азии по оценке времени инкубации их материала на диаграмме 207Pb/204Pb–206Pb/204Pb. Обозначаются два домена: один – с низким 238U/204Pb (LOMU), производный вязкой протомантии (VIPMA), другой – с повышенным 238U/204Pb (ELMU). Мантийные домены эволюционировали от первичного материала Земли во временных интервалах 4.51–4.36 млрд лет назад, 4.0–3.7 млрд лет назад, 2.9–2.6 млрд лет назад, 2.0–1.8 млрд лет назад, около 0.66 млрд лет назад и <0.09 млрд лет назад. Расплавные аномалии источников ELMU характеризуют нестабильную мантию Южной Азии, расплавные аномалии источников LOMU – мантию Японско‐Байкальского геодинамического коридора области перехода от нестабильной мантии Азии к ее стабильному ядру. Позднекайнозойская эволюция Японско‐Байкальского геодинамического коридора привела к рассечению домена LOMU Чеджу‐Витимской линией источников ELMU.

Об авторах

С. В. Рассказов
Институт земной коры СО РАН; Иркутский государственный университет
Россия

Сергей Васильевич Рассказов - доктор геолого–минералогических наук, профессор, заведующий лабораторией

664033, Иркутск, ул. Лермонтова, 128, 

664003, Иркутск, ул. Ленина, 3



И. С. Чувашова
Институт земной коры СО РАН; Иркутский государственный университет
Россия

Ирина Сергеевна Чувашова - кандидат геолого-минералогических наук, старший научный сотрудник

664033, Иркутск, ул. Лермонтова, 128, 

664003, Иркутск, ул. Ленина, 3



Т. А. Ясныгина
Институт земной коры СО РАН
Россия

Татьяна Александровна Ясныгина - кандидат геолого-минералогических наук, старший научный сотрудник

664033, Иркутск, ул. Лермонтова, 128



Йи‐минь Сунь
Институт вулканов и минеральных источников Хэйлунцзянской академии наук
Китай

Сунь Йи-минь - научный сотрудник

164155, Удаляньчи, Хэйлунцзян



Е. В. Саранина
Институт земной коры СО РАН
Россия
Елена Владимировна Саранина - кандидат геолого-минералогических наук, старший научный сотрудник 

664033, Иркутск, ул. Лермонтова, 128



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Для цитирования:


Рассказов С.В., Чувашова И.С., Ясныгина Т.А., Сунь Й., Саранина Е.В. ГЕНЕРАЛЬНАЯ Pb‐ИЗОТОПНАЯ СИСТЕМАТИКА ИСТОЧНИКОВ ВУЛКАНИЧЕСКИХ ПОРОД НОВЕЙШЕГО ГЕОДИНАМИЧЕСКОГО ЭТАПА АЗИИ. Геодинамика и тектонофизика. 2019;10(2):507-539. https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2019-10-2-0424

For citation:


Rasskazov S.V., Chuvashova I.S., Yasnygina Т.A., Sun Y., Saranina Е.V. GENERAL PB‐ISOTOPE SYSTEMATICS OF SOURCES FOR VOLCANIC ROCKS OF THE LATEST GEODYNAMIC STAGE IN ASIA. Geodynamics & Tectonophysics. 2019;10(2):507-539. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2019-10-2-0424

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