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Геодинамика и тектонофизика

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Рифтовые системы шельфа Российской Восточной Арктики и арктического глубоководного бассейна: связь геологической истории и геодинамики

https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2017-8-1-0231

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Аннотация

На основе российских сейсмических профилей, полученных в рамках проектов Арктика-2011, Арктика-2012 и Арктика-2014, составлена новая тектоническая схема Арктического океана. Приведены результаты интерпретации многих сейсмических профилей, представлена новая сейсмостратиграфия для Арктического океана. Основные выводы сделаны на основе интерпретации сейсмических профилей и на базе анализа региональных геологических данных. Показано, что рифтовые системы в пределах морей Лаптевых, Восточно-Сибирского и Чукотского были образованы не раньше аптского времени. Дано описание геологического строения бассейнов Евразийского, Подводников, Толля, Макарова и других. На основе синтеза всех данных получена следующая модель истории Арктического океана. 1. Канадский бассейн был образован до аптского времени (вероятно, в готериве-барреме). 2. В апте-альбе были крупномасштабные тектонические и магматические события: плюмовый магматизм был в районе поднятия Де-Лонга, на хребте Менделеева и в других областях. Континентальный рифтинг произошел сразу после окончания Верхоянско-Чукотской орогении и рифтинг был на шельфе морей Лаптевых, Восточно-Сибирского, Северо-Чукотского и Южно-Чукотского и на поднятии Чукотского плато; одновременно континентальный рифтинг начался в бассейнах Подводников и Толля. 3. В позднем мелу рифтинг, возможно, продолжился в бассейнах Подводников и Толля. 4. В конце позднего мела и в палеоцене в ходе рифтинга был образован бассейн Макарова; локальный спрединг океанической коры при формировании бассейна Макарова не исключен. 5. Евразийский бассейн начал образовываться в начале эоцена. Наша модель геологической истории Арктического океана является предварительной и дискуссионной. В целом, мы показали связь континентальных рифтовых систем на шельфах с историей раскрытия Арктического океана.

Об авторах

А. М. Никишин
Московский государственный университет им. М.В. Ломоносова
Россия
докт. геол.-мин. наук, профессор, геологический факультет
119991, Москва, Ленинские Горы, 1
Тел.: (495) 9394931


Е. И. Петров
Федеральное агентство по недропользованию (РОСНЕДРА)
Россия
канд. геол.-мин. наук
Москва


Н. А. Малышев
Роснефть
Россия

докт. геол.-мин. наук, профессор

Москва



В. П. Ершова
Московский государственный университет им. М.В. Ломоносова
Россия
магистрант, геологический факультет
119991, Москва, Ленинские Горы, 1


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Для цитирования:


Никишин А.М., Петров Е.И., Малышев Н.А., Ершова В.П. Рифтовые системы шельфа Российской Восточной Арктики и арктического глубоководного бассейна: связь геологической истории и геодинамики. Геодинамика и тектонофизика. 2017;8(1):11-43. https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2017-8-1-0231

For citation:


Nikishin A.M., Petrov E.I., Malyshev N.A., Ershova V.P. Rift systems of the Russian Eastern Arctic shelf and Arctic deep water basins: link between geological history and geodynamics. Geodynamics & Tectonophysics. 2017;8(1):11-43. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2017-8-1-0231

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